Category: Astrology

”The history of Greece is that of its loans”, wrote the historian Andreas Andreadis some 89 years ago.

Nothing can be more true today.

.Much has been written of recent, both in the Greek and international Press  on whether Greece will default. Moreover, it has been claimed that Greece has already technically defaulted – because , what is ”debt restructuring” if not default, i.e. the inability of paying debts?

The definition of default, in its financial sense, is The failure to meet a financial obligation (in default on a loan).

Greece has not up to date defaulted on payments of bonds as yet, but did reach an agreement with the IMF, IN anticipation of its inability to meet fiscal obligations, in May 2010:

The actual announcement of the Agreement was as follows:

”Greece reached agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Commission, and the European Central Bank (ECB) on a focused program to stabilize its economy, become more competitive, and restore market confidence with the support of a €110 billion (about $145 billion) financing package.

Negotiators over the weekend wrapped up details of the package, involving budget cuts, a freeze in wages and pensions for three years, and tax increases to address Greece’s fiscal and debt problems, along with deep reforms designed to strengthen Greece’s competitiveness and revive stalled economic growth. ”

Since then, and due to the severe austerity measures imposed, Greece’s economy went from bad to worse. Finally, on Oct.26, 2011, a restructuring of debt was decided,the so-called PSI ( Private Sector involvement), which is now under way. By March 12th, we should know the results of whether this will be actually consentual or forced bond exchange and whether CDS”s will be triggered.

Can  astrology help us in identifying  defaults in a  country’s astrological chart, and perhaps distinguish the various stages and details of these procedures, as of course, a default is not a momentary event , burt a drawn out process with various stages and consequences ?

In Greece’s case, since its emergence as a sovereign country, has actually defaulted three times in the past, and paying off loans with further loans with high interest.

AS a matter of fact, Greece defaulted EVEN BEFORE IT BECAME A sovereign State. Greece was trying to liberate itself from the Turkish occupation , and Britain was happy to loan the leaders of the freedom fighters , in 1824, actually demanding as collateral the  ”national land” . The loans  only arrived severely chopped to the Greeks, due to priorly held commissions and interest payments. The default took place in 1827.

The  defaults , after Greece became a sovereign state, took place in 1843,  the second in 1893 ( and was placed under international monetary control in 1898), and the  lasttodate  in 1932.

As we have stressed in previous articles in the past on Greece’s present financial Armageddon, the natal aspect of the Pluto-Jupiter square ( Jupiter ruling the 7th house and placed in the 8th, and Pluto ruling the 6th and placed in the 11th), signifying the country’s dependence on loans from its ”allies”, played a key role in the present situation. This will be shown to be also triggered in most cases where Greece defaulted.

Let’s start from the present fiscal difficulties, before we go back in history:

Greece had been having difficulty for as of 2009  to finance its heany debt repayment. Finally,The decision for the agreement with the IMF, European Commision and ECB was taken, end April 2010, by the PASOK Govt. under George Papandreou as Prime Minister..

The following chart shows the natal chart of Greece ( internal circle) and the secondary progressions (external circle) for April 27, 2010.

The aspect in question was triggered both by sec. Venus, forming a T-square, and by transiting Pluto at 5 degrees of capricorn ( not shown).

In addition, we have the opposition of multiple planets in the 3rd-9th houses, which signified the beginning of the overturn of every given and known situation, financial, political, social and so on.

WE shall attempt to find out whether this holds true for the previous defaults, and whether any additional factors reveal themselves.

Going back in time, at the first default of Greece, in the year 1843 – Greece , after the revolution against the Turks and its independence, became a sovereign state in 1830. The three ”protector Powers” , England, France and Russia installed as governor King Otto, from Bavaria. A loan ha been decided to be given to the country by these Poers. but the loan was squandered amongst the creditors, the King and his acolytes, to the extent tht the country was unable to pay the loan installments in 1843. Then, the ”Protectos” decided to enforce high taxation, austerity measures, and actively intervene in the country;s internal affairs.They wanted to ensure the installments of the loan would be paid, confiscating to that end the income from customs duties. In short, they imposed Fiscal and Political Control.

But then, the people, that lived under extreme poverty, took matters into their hands. There was an uprising, and as a result, the ”Powers” backed off from tying to impose Fiscal control, and concentrated on saving the throne instead.

There followed a period of political turmoil , and extreme poverty, at least till 1848.  Each of the ”Powers” supported different politicians, who would support their interests locally.

This is just an outline of the historical events of the time.(1843)

Let;s now look at the astrological part of affairs of the time:

The chart above is for the period just after the announced default.

The natal chart of Greece is in the internal circle, the Solar Arc chart is in the middle , and the transits are shown in the outer circle.

We notice that the natal square of Pluto to Jupiter is triggered by the conjunction of Solar Arc Venus to Pluto and the square to Jupiter. S.A.Moon is forming a T-square with the latter combination indicating the inability to pay off the loans and the accompanying imposition of Control by the Powers/creditors/allies. In addition, transit Venus is conjuncting Natal Pluto at 6 degrees Aries, aided by Transiting Uranus, that has just entered Aries at 0 degrees.

Transiting Mars is forming a T-square, with n. Venus and n. Moon, usually present at social upheavals in the country.

Transiting Mars remained at around 21 Degrees Sagitarius for months, the uprisings continued till September 3rd, ( 15th September with the New calendar) when the people demanded the granting of a constitution and the departure of the  bavarian officials that dominated the government. The revolution succeeded, ushering the period of constitutional monarchy in Greece, that started on March 30th, 1844.(New Calendar)

The relative success of the uprising may be attributed to the sextile of S.A. Mars to natal Sun.

An important combination of aspects is  the conjunction of S.A. Jupiter to Neptune , the latter being the ruler of the 10th house  , and the conjunction of S.A.Neptune to natal Uranus, plus the conjunction of transit Saturn on both. , indicating the complex

An additional point, which wi will see in future defaults is the triggering of natal Neptune at 21 degrees Capricorn by  the square of Solar Arc  Pluto   and transiting Pluto, plus the conjuntion of Solar Arc Jupiter and Transiting Saturn.

Saturn indicates the poverty and hardship of the people.

Neptune in the 8th house of a chart indicates deceptive  or secret circumstances in relation to loans, and when afflicted, shows losses under bizarre financial conditions related to partners, or creditors’ financial affairs.

Jupiter and Uranus are the allies/partners from foreign lands.

Natal Neptune is conjuncted by S.A. Jupiter, ruler of the 7th ( the allies/partners, from foreign lands), while Trans. Neptune conjuncts  S.A. Uranus, in the 9th house.

This complex astrological ‘story’ describes quite well the indeed complex historical facts, with all the foreign powers involved , influencing all affairs to their own benefit, and aided and abated by local bankers and merchants, while the peoepl lived under conditions of extreme hardship.

The next default took place in  December 1893,during the administration of the prime Minister Harilaos Trikoupis.

The cartoon below comes from a newspaper of the time :

H. Trikoupis cartoon

He had accomplished a lot in laying down the foundations of  creating an infrastucture for Greece, such as roads, the Korinth Canal etc. However, he did resort to loans with extremely harsh terms.  Despite his efforts, and being actively opposed by the King,  he did try to make a settlement with the creditors. They, in order to agree, asked to have complete fiscal  control of the country. Trikoupis refused, considering that the country would thus lose its sovereignty.  Extreme social unrest ensued, due to Trikoupis’s efforts to raise taxes. Greece, being unable to secure further loans to repay the  exorbitant interest rates, defaulted in 1893.

Trikoupis remained as Prime Minister till 1895. The administration that followed led the country into a disastrous war in 1897, followed by INTERNATIONAL FISCAL CONTROL in 1898, which secured all income from major taxation in order to pay back the creditors. The latter ended 80 years later – in 1978!!

The chart below is depicting the secondary progressions ( middle circle) and transits ( external circle) at the time of the default in 1893. The natal chart is  as always in the internal circle.

The main points here are  prog. Mercury approaching the conjunction to natal Pluto and square to natal Jupiter, ( this is always triggered  when the payments of loans by foreign creditors reach a critical point), the  square of the prog. Sun to prog. Jupiter ( exorbitant terms set by creditors / ”partners”), and transiting Saturn square natal Neptune ( hardship, inability to pay loans, financial chaos), and transit Uranus is square to the natal opposition  Sun-Uranus to Saturn ( political upheaval, social unrest)

Below is  the progressed chart of 1897-98 :

The progressed Sun  squares natal Neptune ( loss of sovereignty, as control of the country’s income is given towards loan payments), Transiting Neptune conjuncts  natal Moon, squares Venus( fluctuation,sadness, longing, loss) and Tr. Jupiter oposes natal Pluto and squares natal Jupiter ( the excessive demands for the repayment of the loans by the creditors/partners/allies)

The Solar Arc chart for the same period ( below)  gives us additional information :

SA Pluto is opposing  natal Mars, SA Jupiter squares it ( indicating the disastrous war of 1897), and SA Saturn squares natal Neptune ( hardship in finances, poverty , caused by the authorities  -as Neptune is in the 8th house and Saturn rules it)

The next default occured in1932.

Greece had again taken heavy loans in order  to participate in   the first world war ( as requested by its allies, who never paid them back the funds spent for war expenses, as originally promised).

In addition, it took more loans to assist the  deposed Greeks  of Asia Minor in Turkey, who fled to Greece as refugees, after the 1922 Catastrophe.

In 1932, and following the international financial crisis of 1929, Greece’s finances were in direstraits again. In addition, the drachma currency was linked to the ‘Rule of Gold’ so it could not be leveraged ( something like the hard currency of the Euro today).

Greece, under the leadership of Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos, asked the INTERNATIONAL MONETARY CONTROL for a 5- year moratorium of interest payments  plus an additional loan. The I.M.C. just gave them a 1-year moratorium.

Thus, Greece was forced to cut the interest payments by 25%, this amounting to default, and disengage the drachma from the Rule of Gold.

Eleftherios Venizelos

The stalling of interest payments was not so bad for the finances of the State, as it helped to balance the budget. However, the situation was extremely difficult for farmers and workers due to the low wages imposed by Venizelos. This led to social unrest, strikes, that led to the ‘bloody’ May 1st of 1936 events in Thessaloniki. In addition, the poorer farmers suffered extensive damage from the crisis, while they swa the income of richer land owners increase significantly.

A period of short-lived governments and military coups ensued till 1936, as the political system had lost the support of the people.  The period ended with the dictatorship of Aug. 4, 1936, imposed by Ioannis Metaxas ( he was actually elected prior to the dictatorship). The latter established the payments of external debt again, and took more loans with dire terms from England and Germany.

Below is the sec. progressed chart  for 1932.

Sec. Venus is conjuncting sec. Pluto, while Transit Pluto opposes natal Neptune, and transit Uranus squares it ( imposition of hard measures ,inability to pay Loans ) . Transiting Neptune is found on the IC, while both transiting Saturn and Jupiter are aspecting the natal opposition of Sun-Uranus to Saturn ( political and social unrest due to hardship, many changes in leadership)

The chart below is the Solar Arc one for the same period.

We notice that both SA Venus and SA Moon are in range of forming a grand square with the natal Pluto-Jupiter square.( indicating the imposition of hard rules for repayment of excessive loans)

Also, SA Sun and SA Saturn are in range of forming a T-square with natal Mercury on the MC. ( overthrow of democratic regimes, militant leadership)


Sec. prog.  chart 1932:

The Solar Arc 1932:

Before coming back to today, let’s take a brief look at the events in the meantime.

Greece was occupied by Germany during the 2nd World war , and its infrastructure and economy was ruined. Germany did not pay any war compensations for damages. The country did receive some funds from the US marshall plan, but a large part was spent on military expenses as there was a civil war after WWII.

The country did have some growth, and improvement of living standards after 1953, and during the period of the dictatorship (1967-74), while still receiving loans. Indications of the  debt as % age of GDP, are shown below:

1974 22,5%
1981 31,2%
1987 56,1%
1990 80,7%
1993 111,6%
2004 108,5%
2008 97,16%

Source: Bank of Greece

It is noticeable that the debt started to go haywire after 1981, when Greece entered the European Economic Comunity -EEC- and  when the PASOK party came into power. it remained in power up to Nov. 2011, with a brief interval in 1989-92 ( coalition govt. and  2 years of New Democracy party administration).  This party , under Andreas Papandreou at first,  received large loans, spent lavishly, appointed large numbers of employees in the public sector, and living standards went up, while productivity went down. Still, the high Debt/GDP was managed by the fact that Greece had its own currency, the drachma.

In Jan. 2000, the drachma was actually overvalued , and Greece entered the Eurozone, under the administration of PASOK Govt. with K. Simitis as Prime Minister, and director of the Bank of Greece Loukas Papademos ( the current Prime Minister of the coalition Govt who is managing the present  bailout / default).

Greece , as mentioned, with the fear of default in April 2010, was placed under a ”Memorandum of Understanding ‘ with the IMF ,ECB and the EU ( Troika) to receive a bailout loan , in order to repay its debts. The debt /GDP at the time was 120%. The austerity measures imposed  were such that threw the country into a deep recession, the country having lost 20% of its GDP in 2 years, unemployment doubled, heavy taxation was imposed  and the debt/GDP reached 165%.  In Nov. 2011, a second bailout was determined which, optimistically, plans for the debt to reach 120% GDP in 2021, meanwhile imposing even harsher austerity measures and having no concrete measures that aid growth, except decreases in salaries and pensions and increase in taxation, and selling off at low prices public land and profitable public companies. This entails a large haircut ( 53%) of present debt only with the Private sector ( PSI), but not the ECB or debt held by countries or the IMF. In exchange, the country is signing its sovereignty away, in the new ”Loan Treaty’ to be signed in March 2012.

Technically, as Fitch ratings mentioned, the PSI and accompanying deal is a ‘Default’ , although ‘restricted’.

Below is the secondary chart and the transits for March 15, 2012 ( the PSI will have been completed, by March 12, provided there is wide participation by bond holders). There is still animation amongst bondholders whether this will be considered as a ”credit event”, thus triggering CDS’s, or not.

An abundance of difficult aspects are triggered on that date ( and around it )”

–  Prog. Moon opposition Prog. Sun and Mercury, Prog. Asc. squares the natal opposition of Sun-Uranus opps. Saturn, and Trans. Jupiter-Venus turns this into a Grand Cross..

– The T-square formed by sec.Venus to the natal Pluto -Jupiter square , is triggered by trans. Uranus -Mercury and by Pluto-Moon.

From the political point of view, the inevitability, and the rigidity of the Grand cross in fixed signs, shows that Greece has been pushed against a wall and  is in ”lose-lose” situation, from  the side of partners, foreign interests , and its own Government.

This can be linked to the fact that ,  as many analysts have written,the said ‘bailout’  does not appear to get Greece out of  deep fiscal depression, on the contrary, it drives it more deeply into depression. However, it does rescue  banks from bankruptcy, with European taxpayers money , through the ‘back door”.

The latter astrological aspect shows the political upheaval within Greece. The political parties are in a fluid situation, new alliances are formed by parties with an Anti-Memorandum of Understanding / Troika stance. Still, it is unlikely Greece will be able to get out of signing the disastrous  new ”Treaty” with the Troika, thus giving up sovereignty in the case it is not able to meet its fiscal obligations to them in future.

One point worth mentioning , with reference to the astrological plot at play, is that natal Neptune has been squared by Saturn at Oct. end 2011 ( when the present bailout was decided, accompanied by additional extreme austerity measures.By then,it had become obvious that the bailout determined only 3 months before was in no way adequate). In addition,  beg. Nov. 2011, the PASOK Govt. resigned an a coalition Govt.supported by three political parties, came into power under L. Papademos as Prime Minister.

Saturn will square natal Neptune  again in June 2012.  But as  we have seen , natal Neptune is always involved in the ”final act” of defaults in Greece, and the political upheavals/changes that the periods entail. This happens several times in future : It will be opposed by Tr. Jupiter in Oct-Nov. 2013 while at the same time the previously mentioned opposition In the 3rd-9th house wil be squared by Tr. Saturn.  That time will be particularly tumultuous for Greece – and not only Greece, because the Euro astrol. chart is triggered adversely at the same time ( but that is another long story).

Later on, Neptune will be squared by tr.Uranus  ( summer 2015- spring 2016). The conjunction of tr.Pluto will start in 2018.

So, next week is in no way the end of the Greek tragedy : it is rather a stage of a long, very bumpy ride that Greece has to go through, more like the route Odysseus had to take to escape both the two terrible monsters, Skylla and Charybdis!

We shall follow the coming  events concerning the Bailout ( or default, or credit event,  as the case may be)  of Greece , and try to correlate events with the relevant astrological indicators, as defaults are never isolated , clearly marked events, but a complex puzzle of fiscal and political aspects.

References in Greek:

defaults 1827-1843-1893

Greek defaults

Default 1843

Default 1932

El. Venizelos -default 1932

References in English the present crisis and past defaults:

Seven myths about the Greek debt  crisis 

The road to serfdom

Reuters:What happens if Greece defaults?

Greek Bailout a Farce designed to save banks

Fitch downgrades Greece over PSI

Present fiscal crisis and past defaults

Default of 1893

Forbes- History of Greek defaults

 Greek Default ,March 9 2012

Additional comments following the restructuring process:

Debt restructuring = default, March 9 :

Following the completion of greek debt restructuring, and the use of CAC’s for bondholders who did not voluntarily accept the restructuring, the triggering of CDS’s was determined. This means the restructuring has been classed as a ”CREDIT EVENT” i.e. a default.

In the chart of Greece, ( see previous chart for MARCH 15 ) the T-square  of  prog. Venus- natal Pluto-natal Jupiter was triggered by the transiting T-square  Mercury  conj. Uranus square Pluto opposition Moon.  As we have already mentioned, the Venus-Pluto-Jupiter T-square is has been triggered in  past cases of default as well.

Along with the latter transits, the transit of Jupiter conj. Venus, creating a trine to natal Jupiter, made this whole affair  to be presented  as a ”success” in Greece, and interantionally it did not make a big stir as it was expected, or ”priced in” , as it is called in market terms.  However, the effect of Jupiter is short-lived . The same transit by Jupiter occured in July 2011, when a first restructuring of only 21% was decided. That soon proved to be totally inadequate and the Jupiterian exuberance quickly died down.

Amidst the Eurozone crisis, Greece has been  undergoing its own fiscal plight for two years now. This has come to the dramatic events of the last two weeks, which ended  in , with the mutual agreement of the two majority parties and one minority party,  the election of Mr. Lucas Papadimos as the new Prime Minister , for a transitory period ( length still uncertain) .

Who is Lucas Papadimos, the new Greek PM?

Below follow comments from the recent article on Mr. Papadimos, from the British conservative newspaper ”Telegraph”: (link)

”Mr Papademos, 65, is a widely respected figure in Greece, with a strong background in both academics and finance.

And the article continues:
”During his time as Governor of the national bank, Mr Papademos was involved in Greece’s transition from the drachma to the euro as its national currency.

In a speech made at the Euro Information Conference in 2001, he praised the euro for shielding small economies from the “exogenous shocks” that emanated from the September 11 terrorist attacks in America.

Mr Papademos argued the euro ensured price transparency and increased competition, concluding: “The macroeconomic and microeconomic benefits for Europe and Greece from the introduction of the euro are numerous”.

After leaving the Bank of Greece in 2002, Mr Papademos became the Vice President to Jean-Claude Trichet at the European Central Bank, before leaving the position in 2010 to serve as an advisor to Mr Papandreou.

He has emphasised the responsibility of governments to take control of their own debts, saying: “The ECB’s interventions in sovereign bond markets should not be perceived or interpreted as a ‘freebie’ for governments. ‘           (‘My italics)

Let’s  have look at Mr. Papadimos’s astrological chart ( Solar sign, no exact time of birth is known):

Below is the natal chart ( internal circle) and the progressed chart (external circle):

A Libra Sun, with a wide conjunction of Sun with Neptune, Mr. Papadimos appears as a polite man, and could have idealistic   interests, and other aspirations, and inspirations, indicated by Neptune , which can cause a subtle form of  ambition or self-importance  .  He is stable and organized in pursuing goals ( sun sextile Saturn) , as well as strong, enduring and  very determined in his aims ( Sun sextile Pluto). The presence of Pluto and Satun in the 11th house , trining the Sun, signify the support he receives from old , well-established and determined,strong structures which belong to a wider group.

Venus in Libra, as well as the Sun, aids him in relating with grace and diplomacy to others.

His success as an economist, is denoted by Mercury   in Scorpio( 2nd house) square Pluto and widely square Saturn in Leo in the 11th house, signifying an intuitive , perceptive, and determined  mind, that can carry out plans in secret, and plot, if need be.  The square to Saturn gives the  ability to  carry out plans slowly, patiently and payning attention to detail.

The above traits are indeed useful to a financier.

Let’s take a look at the progressed chart now:

We see an exact square of Venus to the Sun, both at 17 degrees og Cardinal signs. The square signifies a great effort with small results, while Venus signifies relationships, as wel of course as fiscal matters.

In addition, the prog. Moon is close to forming a conjunction to prog. Venus and a square to Neptune ( we cannot unfortunately know the exact position of the Moon, as we don’t have the exact time of birth) indicating a misleading situation, the aspects of which cannot be clearly known – an aura of conspiracy, or a ‘set-up ” situation is likely.

It is not known whether this aspect refers to personal matters, still, in reference to the specific purpose of the Government he is to preside upon ( i.e. the negotiation of terms and the closure of the Loan Treaty  that Greece is to sign with its creditors- a treaty which could have extremely harsh terms, and crucial consequences, on the future of Greece  – fiscally as well as from a national sovereignty point of view – for decades to come)

Still, prog. Mercury in conjunction to prog. Jupiter, in sextile to natal Neptune, shows the  existing optimism -grounded or not- and wider fame, as well as the support he has in this venture from foreign sources ( Mercury rules the 9th house and is in Sagittarius, conjunct Jupiter).

The conjunction, is in square to the natal Moon ( again , if the position of the Moon were exact), signifying great mobility of mind, many contacts , discussions,communications, nervousness, much travelling, a change of residence, but can be at odds with other figures of authority regarding practical matters, as the Moon rules the 10th house  and is in Virgo in the 12th house.

The prog. Sun is in trine to Natal Saturn, signifying stability, form, and support from established, strong structures in authority , as wel as taking on great responsibility.

And below is the natal chart (internal circle) and the solar arc ( external circle) :

Regarding the Solar arc progressions, two aspects stand out :

– The exact conjunction of Mars to Neptune, signifying the element of misguided and/or misleading actions and perceptions , and strengthening the aspect of a ‘set-up’ situation that we talked about earlier on.These may come from the ”partners’ , or other influences from a strong group( Mars rules the 7th house, and natally is in the 11th, in Leo)

In the Solar Arc chart, we notice that S.A. Mercury is in square aspect to the Sun. As Mercury rules the 9th house and is in Scorpio in the 2nd, it means that strong pressure will be applied by foreign forces, in order to achieve their financial goals.

The anouncement of Mr. Papadimos as the New PM,( around 14.35 , Athens time), at the time of the Full Moon in the Taurus-Scorpio axis, signifies an end, rather than a new beginning, and is certainly not an optimistic sign. The transiting oposition of Mars to Neptune reinforces the S.A. conjunction comments we made earlier on the S.A. Mars conjunction to natal Neptune.

The  other transits indicate  , as tr. Saturn will soon conjunct  natalVenus and this will last till autumn 2012,   the hardship of this undertaking as well as  ‘austerity measures’ and the ensuing poverty imposed on the greek people.

The transit of Jupiter in Taurus, forming a T-square  with the natal square of Mercury to Pluto in the spring of 2012 ( aprrox. mid- March to mid- May 2012) will most likely be the hardest period for Mr. Papadimos- and for Greece.

The decisions  taken, and Treaties signed, by this Government will be indeed crucial – if not ‘terminal’- for Greece, and their full consequences will be most prominent after mid 2013 to beg. 2014.

For our readers who can read Greek, we have just published a new article with the above title on the astrology of Facebook and its creator Mark Zuckerberg, at the following URL:

Raging fires have been devastating large parts of Russia the past few days, with serious adverse effects on people’s health, as well as on the food production situation, as Russia’s crop was destroyed by one-fifth. Worldwide wheat prices skyrocketed these days, pinpointing once again the effects of global warming: higher food prices, higher air-conditioning bills,skyrocketing costs of fire fighting globally…

The astrological chart presented below is for December 25, 1991. This is the date that Gorbachev officially announced that the 1922 treaty of Soviet Union was annuled and that the Soviet Union ceased to exist, and the Russian flag was raised on the Kremlin. Details of the whole process of the disssolution of the Soviet Union can be found below:

The time (14.17) has been given by the astrologer Adrian Duncan.

In the above chart, the natal horoscope is in the inner circle, the progressed horoscope in the middle circle, and the transits  for Aug. 9, in the outer circle.

What is most striking here is the conjunction of progressed Mars, at 2.56 degrees Capricorn to the natal sun at 3.26 degrees. Prog. Mercury is part of the combination, although technically passed the conjunction to the Sun at 4.41 degrees Capricorn. Mars and Sun are both ‘fiery’ planets indicating aggression, activity,fight , but, in this case they are even mor adversely affected by the  exact T-square formed by the malefics Pluto in Capricorn, Uranus and Jupiter (the latter  not itself a malefic, but in this case magnifying the effect of the malefics)  in Aries, and Saturn and Mars in Libra, all affecting the conjunction of progressed Mars and Mercury to the natal Sun .

Uranus rules the 6th and 7th house ( health, work and everyday life affected), the Sun rules the 12th and 1st house (more than 50 deaths were caused by the fires and the death rate doubled due to the toxic cloud),Mars rules the 9th ( the fires had consequences of  global nature  ), and Mercury rules the 2nd ( financial consequences).

The one positive point here is that the prog. Sun is forming a sextile to Prog. Pluto , indicating that in spite of the damage and harship Russia will be able to slowly recover from the blow, and , hopefully, this dire consequence of global warming will make peoples and Governments realize the seriousness of the climate change and  start taking stricter measures for its control.

Full Moon. The cool June evening air is filled with sweet, romantic sounds.  The ancient theatre under the Acropolis, with its eternal grace, provides an ideal setting. The audience sing along, as, for each one of us, the song brings back memories – of old? of more recent? No matter.

As I listened to the songs ,sung by the exquisite voice of Demis Roussos during his recent concert in Athens, it brought back memories for me, too. Not only individual memories, but collective ones, of events that marked the sixties, the seventies , and the eighties.

Looking at Demis Roussos’s biography, we will see that his life was certainly greatly affected by world events, which were very disruptive, but it seems that for him they turned out to his benefit, in the long run.

Demis Roussos is under the influence of Uranus, as his Sun in the 9th house is in conjunction with Uranus, ruler of the 5th  house of creativity, and in favourable aspect – trine- to Jupiter. Such is the nature of Uranus – upheaval, disruption,doing away with the known, the comfortable, the predictable, and forcing one to plunge into the unknown.

I’d like to focus here, from an astrological point of view, on a number of life-changing events which affected his life, which events  were not only of a personal,  but of a  collective nature, affected not only a large number of people but whole countries and influence the socio-political conditions of their respective time periods.

Certainly, in Demis’s case, the Uranian events outlined below, although upsetting , did turn out well eventually.

Demis was born in Egypt, Alexandria in 1946, where he lived with his family up to 1961, when the Suez crisis came to a head and many foreign residents had to flea the country. So with Demis’s family, they moved back to their country of origin, Greece.

Below is Demis’s progressed chart for 1961, upon his family’s leaving Egypt and return to Greece  :

We see in his chart above that the progressed moon conjuncted natal Venus in Cancer, which is natally conjunct saturn, and also formed a conjunction with prog. Saturn. The presence of Saturn suggests that the move was made under stressful conditions, and , in any case, the ‘homeland’ would pose restrictions on him. After all, his Sun in the natal 9th house, suggested that Demis would make a career abroad, and he would be able to exercise his originality and creativity and feel less restricted in another country – as previously mentioned, his Sun is conjunct Uranus, ruler of the 5th house, and trine Jupiter).

The prog. MC sextile natal Neptune shows his first forming of his group, the ‘Idols’ and his beginning to play in night clubs and sing during his years in Greece.All through 1961, transiting Uranus was sextiling natal Sun, opening new avenues of opportunity for Demis.

Demis met Vangelis Papathanasiou – the now famous ‘Vangelis’- in 1966 and they became friends. They decided to move to England to seek bettter musical career opportunities. However, they were not allowed to enter Britain and were  stranded in Paris instead during the ‘May 1968’ events. Demis Rousso’s started his international career in music in 1968 in Paris, through a crisis situation. They were running out of cash, so, they decided to form a group  and  start recording   songs.They formed the group ‘Aphrodite’s child’ and recorded the song  ”Rain and tears” . A few weeks later, ” Rain and tears” was number one in the charts.

In Demis’s prog. chart for 1968 above, we see the prog. Moon squaring the natal Venus-Saturn conjunction, indicating the difficult situations he met upon leaving his country and moving abroad. But the prog.Moon also sextiled Mars – forming the  new , creative group ( Mars rules the 5th and is placed in the 11th house). Prog.  Mercury conjuncted Pluto, showing the compulsion for going abroad ( Mercury rules the 9th house) but also the  beginnning of his financial  and career success ( Pluto rules the 2nd house, and both prog. planets are in the 10th house of career).  Prog. Venus sextiled his natal Sun in the 9th, creating opportunities for his music, while tr. Uranus and Pluto were squaring his Sun. Apparently, he went through a lot of stressful situations and deep personal experiences which made him different, and stronger at the end. In three years time, we see that the prog. Sun approached the square to natal Jupiter – the time when Demis started his solo career following the breakup of ‘Aphrodite’s child’ .

Demis went through another shocking experience in 1985 .He was one of the passengers in the TWA Flight 847 which was highjacked on June 14 1985.Demis boared the flight from Athens flying to Rome, when the flight was highjacked. Although he ang other 8 Greek passengers wer released after a couple of days, he described this as a really frightening experience.

In the prog. chart for 1985, we see that prog. Mars at 20 degrees Virgo is squaring prog. Uranus at 20 degrees Gemini forming an exact square aspect. This is an aspect showing , among else, danger of accidents especially to do with affairs ruled by Uranus – and of course flying is one of them! Transiting Uranus was forming a T-square to this prog. aspect from 16 degrees of Sagittarius.

Demis came through this experience shocked but unharmed. The protective transit of Jupiter, trining his natal Jupiter, and of course the natal trine between his Jupiter and Sun,thus forming  a grand trine, helped him to overcome this difficult situation . This experience changed him a lot and he decided to go back to his music, as he’d been off the music scene for a few years.

Since, he’s had a successful and productive career to this date. So, Uranus  for Demis, in spite seemingly difficult situations he put him through, works out for his benefit in the long run, along with Jupiter.

Below is a video of Demis Roussos’s recent appearance at the Herod Atticus ancient theatre in Athens, where he sings hiw well known song ” My friend the wind”..

Enchanting is the full moon on June 26, over the ancient Herod Atticus theatre in Athens. In spite of the ominous effects of the eclipse that accompanies this full moon, for Greece, and many others, one cannot help but wander at the beautyof the scene, as the music from the theatre filled the cool evening air, and the moon travelled through the clouds.

” Que sera sera” was the closing song of the concert given by Demis Roussos, sung together with Mihalis Hadjiyannis, perhaps not by coincidence.

After all, such are the effects of an eclipse in conjunction to Pluto . They have the feel of the unavoidable, of the fated. So, ” whatever will be ,will be, the future is not ours to see..”

When Jean Michel Jarre made his first appearance on the music scene, around 1976, I and my fellow students at London University used to listen to ‘Oxygene’,  his completely original, magical music. It was like nothing we’d ever heard before, it seemed so advanced that it was almost incomprehensible, but bewitching – you kept listening on, and wanted more. It made us travel to new worlds – new dimensions, rather, like a psychedelic trip, but without substances.

– A couple of days ago, I went to see Jean Michel Jarre for the first time, as he was performing in Athens. Although many artists followed the musical road he opened , Jean Michel Jarre’s music remains unique- and drives one into unknown territories, into unimagined experiences.

But what astrological significators make an artist so productive, so imaginative and creative, that he works magic with sound, and of course, light? How can one use the laws of Physics to make such musical masterpieces?

Jean Michel Jarre natal Chart

Above is Jean Michel Jarre’s  natal astrological chart. he was born in Lyon, France , on August 24, 1948. When he is performing, his Leo Ascendant comes to the fore – a warm, vibrant performer who enjoys his work and loves to entertain  his audience!

The Virgo Sun becomes apparent later, as his work involves precision, organisation and accuracy. And , of course, his spectacular concerts have made history- he has performed in some of the most revered world Monuments, such as the Pyramids in Cairo, and the Acropolis in Athens -his  shows have been attended by hundreds of thousands of fans.

Another major characteristic of this chart is the T-square  and the Grand trine, which are interconnected – a very dynamic and creative combination, as the T-square provides the hard push, and the Grand trine gives the constructive outlet for the positive manifestation of this energy.  The T-square is  the opposition of the Moon to Mars near the MC/IC axis, squared by Venus – I believe Neptune is drawn into the T-square as well.

The presence of Neptune opposing the Moon and squaring Venus is the signature of inspired imagination and creativity which enables one to enter into the realms of the unknown and the intangible, thus creating unique works of art. As Mars is in square aspect to Venus, special charisma and dynamism is added to this combination – characteristics which are obvious in his work.

– The ‘pressure ” exerted by the T-square is given positive outlet through its connection to the Grand trine, i.e. the Moon is in trine aspect to Saturn-Pluto, and to Jupiter. Saturn-Pluto has a certain obssession, but Jupiter gives the fun part of it all! So, all the creative , imaginative potential of the T-square is channeled into materialisation through the Grand trine – in plain language, one can see in Jean Michel Jarre’s music the great ideas , that indeed must have taken a lot of careful planning, and hard work, to actually come up with the  fantastic music that  , since the mid-seventies, still continues to bewitch his vast audiences.

Mars also is in  trine aspect to Uranus, thus adding the futuristic and electronic character of his music, and the wide use of technology in his concerts.

We could certainly go on to analyse this chart much further  (in  Virgoan fashion) , but music – and light, another one of Jean Michel Jarre’s tools for his concerts – speaks to us by itself, sending subconscious messsages and creating images in our minds, messages that no written language can convey.


Greece’s economy is dwindling of recent and the situation is being discussed on the news virtually on a daily basis. The situation has worsened mainly since the fall of 2009, when it was revealed by the present government ( elected Oct. 4, 2009) that the country’s deficit was aroung 12.7% , and not close to 6%, as alleged by the previous government. It was then that the bond spreads started to rise continually, and have been doing so up to date.

The main reason for this is that Greece lost credibility as to the financial figures initially presented. The situation has worsened as investors kept losing faith in the security of Greek bonds, and the Government was hesitant in taking forceful immediate measures to reverse the situation.

At the end of March ( March 25) , it was decided that the European Union, in collaboration with the IMF, would provide financial assistance to Greece up to 45 Billion Euros, provided the IMF reviewd the finances of the country and proposed strict measures to be taken in order for the aid to be given.

However, the exact method of this aid had not been worked out in detail, and, more so, Germany was sending contradicting messages , for their own political purposes ( Germany has elections on May 9).

Last Friday ( April 23), it came to the point that the Greek PM announced that the country would have to request  financial aid immediately.

We’ll take a look at the astrological significators of the chart of Greece , and look at the factors affecting it, and worsening the situation.

Below follows the chart of Greece, which is the date the Greek state was created, after it’s liberation by the Turks, in 1830.

( Interior circle: Natal chart exterior circle: Progressed chart for April 2010)

Greece-natal and progressed April 2010

You will notice the cluster of natal and progressed planets , and points, in opposition between the 3rd and 9th house. Greece has a natal conjunction of the Sun and Uranus, showing the love of independence  and , negatively, the unruliness , of the country.Also, the Sun is in opposition to Saturn, meaning difficulties and austerity. The progressed sun has come to oppose the natal planets, and the MC. In addition, progressed Mercury is just past the opposition to Uranus, all of these showing the complete reversal of the situation of many aspects of life in the country, in a way that is hard to predict – as Uranus is involved.

The other ‘Danger’ progressed aspect is the progressed Venus, which has reached the square to natal Pluto and opposition to natal Jupiter. That is a clear indication of the grave financial situation, and is worsened by the transit of Pluto forming difficult aspects on the three planets on the T-square. This T-square will be adversely afffected again  by transiting Saturn (Sept.2010 and later) and later by Jupiter and Uranus.

For the time being, we should like to concentrate on the adverse effects of the movement of Mars on the Sun-Uranus-MC-Saturn combination , ad how this affected the increase in the bond spreads:

Below is the chart of the Greek bond spreads from mid 2009 to April 2010 ( source: Der Spiegel, 23/4/2010)

Mars has been in Leo since mid-October 2009, and has passed the natal -progressed cluster of planets in the Leo-Aquarius opposition three time so far :

1) Beginning November 2009 – the first  significant uprising trend ( as mentioned, this was due to thefact that the country’s   deficit was much higher that previouly believed)

2)Mid January 2010, in retrograde motion- in addition, tr. Venus was in Aquarius, AND tr. Saturn and Pluto were aspecting the Venus-Pluto-Jupiter T-square. We notice that the increase in the spreads is much sharper, and lasts longer. By this time it became more evedent that the country cannot get out of the situation on its own, and measures to remedy the situation had not been announced)

3) April 23 2010 to date-Mars is passing from the same position direct this time. On that date, the Greek PM announced that Greece will ask for the aid immediately. Here we see that much sharper rise in spreads, as  the aid mechanism is not in place yet, and Germany continues to announce that the aid will be given only and if, strict measures are taken.

4) The situation has come to a head today, as both Mercury at 9 Taurus retrograde, and the Sun at 7 Taurus, squared the opposition.

That caused an avalanche of adverse effects for Greece: The speads rose even more , the Athens stock exchange fell by 6%, and Greece was downgraded by Standard and Poors –  but that was not all: most of the European stock exchanges started to fall , and the spreads of other weak European countries, like Portugal, started to rise dangerously. The problem was spreading throughout the European union, as investors were withdrawing funds and moving them to other markets,to the  US, etc.

( In fact, the European Union chart ( not shown here) has adverse aspects these days, mainly due to the conjunction of transiting Pluto to its Sun, but we shall not go into detail at this stage)

In view of the grave situation, Germany, and other European Union officials, had to take a firmer stand to declare that they would provide Greeece with the financial aid, so that the country can pay off the debts due on May 19. The European Union announced a summit meeting on May  10.

Tomorrow, the Moon in Scorpio will make a grand cross to this combination, exacerbating the crisis for Greece ,and endangering other countries of the European South, so that a faster and decisive action will have to be taken by the EU, to avert further deepening of this crisis.

So, as tr.Mars , Mercury and the Sun move away from the opposition in the Greek chart, we should see some calming down of the crisis situation. Mars moves away around  the end of the first week in May. Of course, there are many other transits that will cause problems  to these explosive natal and progressed aspects in the near future.Mercury , for example, will pass in direct motion from this position around May 19 , but difficult aspects are coming from mid-August onwards, this time due to the movement of Mars and Saturn into Libra, thus creating a grand cross on the existing T-square of prog. Venus, and natal Pluto and Jupiter.Possibly the financial plan that wi be finlized in the next days, will not show the expected results, thus imposing even more strict measures on the Greek people, but could also concern an adverse development on  a national issue in relations to neighbouring countries.

We shall wait and see.

The Copenhagen  international summit on Climate Change 2009 ( COP15) started on December 7th, 2009 in Copenhgen, Denmark, at 10.00 a.m., as the official program of the event mentioned.

The Representatives of the countries have to come to an agreement as to the CO2 emisssions cut they will have to achieve by 2020.

As the figures show, CO2 emissions have dramatically increased since the beginning of the 20th century, and an increase in global temperature in unavoidable, if the  CO2 emissions continue to increase  at the same rate as they do today.

At the summit up to now, there are many disagreements amongst the countries as to the decrease each one should agree to.

Still, an agreement is imperative, given the scientific forecasts as to the adverse effects which are imminent:

CO2 emissions 1990-2007

CO2 by country / per head of popn.

What can astrology tell us about the prospects of the results of this meeting?

Below follows the astrological chart of the Copenhagen summit, for the time of its commencement, Dec. 7, 2009, at 10.00 am, in Copenhagen  :

Copenhagen Climate Summit 2009

We see here the Ascendant at 4 degrees Capricorn, with the comjunction of Mercury with Pluto on the Ascendant ( 12th house -side) , squaring Pluto.

Much has been said about the Pluto-Saturn square, with its effect on the global economic crisis, but also on power conflicts between countries. In this case, it is indicative of the power conflicts amongst  the rich/strong countries, and in turn the rich against the poor ones .

In the past, the transits of Pluto   have brought about large scale events which affected large numbers of people, great expanses of land, in a dramatic way, especially when in adverse aspect to Saturn. Saturn has a constrictive effect, and brings responsibility against deeds of the past ( in this case, the reckless increase in emissions which is endangering the planet in the forseeable future). The conjunction of Mercury to Pluto is of course , making communications and agreements difficult and power games are played in the background – as these two planets are in the 12th house side of the Ascendant.

In addition, the opposition of the Moon-Mars conjunction in the 8th house to Jupiter- Neptune in the 2nd , shows the nervousness, emotionalism, aggression and false concepts at hand – all of course, having to do clearly with financial reasons, being a 2nd-8th house opposition!

Al in all, this is a very difficult horoscope and does not leave much room for optimism as to the relults of this summmit.

Still, there is a glimpse of hope: Venus in Sagittarius , ruling the Taurus (Earth) 4th house, is in sextile aspect to Saturn, the ruler of the Ascendant, in the 9th house of science and the law, among other things.

In addition, the Sun in Sagittarius is in trine to the Moon-Mars conjunction in the 8th, possibly indicating that collective funds given by the richer countries, will be able to alleviate the financial problems of the weaker countries to cope with the costs of decreasing  emissions , and that a legal ( binding) agreement will be reached by all.

Even so, the difficult aspects mentioned above, would indicate that the agreement wil not enforce the very severe emissions decrease required to definitely ensure the lowest possible temperature increase in the next years. Power conficts and financial pressures are too strong to allow for the best possible result.

The summit closes in a couple of days, and the outcome will soon be known.

TERRY PRATCHETT’s garden is as full of meandering paths, sudden dead ends and hidden gems as one of his Discworld novels. Copper-hued fish navigate their way through a weed-choked pond, a tray of Venus flytraps sits in a greenhouse that overflows with chillies the length of a child’s arm, and beady-eyed tortoises quietly crouch in a herbarium.

Pratchett himself is slight, dressed all in black. His famously luxuriant beard has been trimmed. His study looks like a medieval chapel, complete with cartoon-like cobwebs and wizardly paraphernalia: there’s a giant bronze lectern, Saturn hangs above a desk, a candle drips into a skull and a cat skulks amongst his papers.

Now 61, Pratchett was knighted this year and has been awarded the Order of the British Empire for services to literature. He is best known for the 37 books set in his fantasy kingdom of Discworld. A flat planet, balanced atop four elephants which are in turn perched upon a giant turtle flying through space, Discworld is like Lord of the Rings 500 years on – humans, werewolves, vampires and goblins live side by side semi-peacefully.”

So begins Sanjida O’ Connell  her recent article on Terry Pratchett in ”’New Scientist”.

Surely, Terry Pratchett, the British Fantasy fiction author, needs no further introduction. After all, he has sold over 65 million books in 35 languages. In the ’90s he was the top selling UK author, and his ” Discworld” series alone- the series that made him famous – consists of 36 + books, but has written many other books, a number of which have become TV films , e.g. ”The Colour of Magic”,and ”The Hogfather”. He has become a Knight of the Order of the British Empire in 2009, for his services to Literature.

His wit is unbeatable, mixed with a good dose of science fantasy, history and lore. And who else, but Terry Pratchett, could have written, or said, things such as the quotes below?

” The trouble with having an open mind is that people will insist on coming along and trying to put things in it ”

” Geography is just Physics slowed down, with a couple of trees stuck in it”

”In ancient times, cats  were worshipped as Gods. They have not forgotten this.”

”Education was like a communicable venereal disease – It made you unsuitable for many jobs, and you had the urge to pass it on”

– Let ‘s now look at  Pratchett’s astrological chart –  the time of birth is not known – and see what it can tell us about the attributes of his personality as it has emerged from his books, his interviews , and other events of his life.

Terry Pratchett was born on April 28, 1948, in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, UK. The chart below is his natal Solar chart in the inner circle, with his secondary progressed chart for 2007, when he was unfortunately diagnosed with having posterior cortical atrophy(PCA), arare form of Alzheimer’s disease, that affects first vision and motor nerve activity.

Terry Pratchett-Natal and Sec.Prog.2007

In his natal chart, we see the close conjunction of the Sun with Mercury in Taurus, thus the Mercurial qualities in his work and personality. He published his first story at 13 in the school magazine, was a journalist at first and later concentrated on his books, producing on average two books yearly. This Mercury-Sun conjunction is squared by the very strong conjunction of the three  planets in Leo – Pluto, Saturn , Mars. ( I believe that, although Mars is a  9 degrees away, this is still a conjunction, and thus all its planets are squaring the Sun-Mercury conjunction).

This very strong combination shows his devotion to his writing and the  intensity of it. His books are full of the mystical, the magical and his deep knowledge of all things metaphysical comes up in his work. Death – with a capital D – is a prominent character in many of his books – quite characteristic of a person with this planetary configuration.

Although the exact position of the Moon cannot be known due to the lack of the exact time of birth, it is within the range of  1 to 13 degrees of Capricorn ( 7 degrees shown in the chart), and is therefore in trine to the Sun-Mercury conjunction, showing the harmony within himself and the ease of communication and  excellent wit. At the same time , the Moon is squaring Neptune – and only Moon-Neptune can have such a rich fantasy world.  And Terry Pratchett, with the aid of Mercury ,  so successfully communicates his fantastic creations to large numbers of people through his writings!

The Sun-Mercury conjunction is at 150 degrees ( inconjunct) aspect to Neptune, reinforcing  his ability for  imaginative creations, as well as  being responsible for his ” humanism, both in a sentimental regard for his characters’ good fortune, and in that his writing is generous-spirited and inclusive.” as the ‘Guardian’ writes.

And, of course, Venus, ruler of his sunsign, is in close conjunction to Uranus , and opposition to Jupiter, showing his love of computers, computer games , but also the new and the original, and being an indicator of his great humour.

If we look at the progressed chart of the year 2007, what is most prominent is the conjunction of prog. Mercury and prog. Venus ( Of course, there are other indicators, but I should like to concentrate on this for now). This was , as mentioned above, the year when he was diagnosed, as having PCA. That was following an initial wrong diagnosis of having had a stroke in the last couple of years. Taking into account that the first symptoms are some impairment in vision and motor nerve activity – both Mercury -related activities – Mercury becomes important.

It is also noteworthy that both Mercury and Venus had turned retrograde a few years back. Mercury turned retrograde when he was  44 , in 1992, and Venus a few years before that. This disease is probably one that starts at an earlier stage, is slow  in development, thus it might have started when Mercury became retrograde at 7 degrees of Cancer, in opposition to the natal Moon.

Terry Pratchett announced that he was diagnosed with the disease on Dec.11, 2007. At the time, Transiting Pluto and Jupiter were about to enter Capricorn and oppose the progressed Mercury-Venus conjunction , and transiting Mars had turned retrograde in Cancer, in opposition to natal Moon, close to conjuncting  the progressed position. Terry’s strife had started. He is determined to fight the disease , continue to write his books with the aid of electronic media, and also help other people with the same condition – he has donated one million pounds for the research into the disease to help further investigation into this condition.

And I, amongst the millions of his fans, wish him ‘All the Best’ in his fight, and may he have many more productive years!